Australian Magpie



Cracticus tibicen, also known as “Australian Magpie”, is a bird that found in Australia and South New Gunnie. They are the third largest Magpie in the world, and the largest beak out of all magpies. Their feather shows a clearly contrast of black and white; they have red eyes and a white beak. Male and female looks pretty much the same but we can still tell the different by looking at the patterns at their back. They walk on the ground most of the time using their long legs.

Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Animalia
Phylum:
Chordata
Class:
Aves
Order:
Passeriformes
Family:
Artamidae
Genus:
Cracticus
Species:
C. tibicen
Binomial name
Cracticus tibicen

(Latham, 1802)


australia_new_zealand_and_papua_new_guinea_pipelines_map.jpg



Habitat
In these areas where magpies lives is very hot in summer. This is why the Australian Magpies have such a thin layer of feathers. But When it gets cold during winter time they fly to South New Guinea and North Australia.
Since the Magpie live in Australia they have to face another problem –possums. Possums love to eat Magpies eggs. That’s Why the Australian magpie is aggressive towards intruders.
A lot of Australian insects stay or keep their larva on the ground. The Australian Magpies can walk on the ground with their muscular legs, so they can pick these Meal up and eat them.

Structural Adaptations

- Long and Muscular Legs
The Australian Magpie spends a huge amount of their time walking on foot, hunting and eating. Their legs are specially design for walking; they walk quickly and move fast so they can hunt insects before they can run away

- Its tail is made out of 21 feathers, it is a very special Design to increase flying speed. When it fly’s its tail divide into two groups. The group with 10 feathers is the primary feathers and the other eleven are the secondary flight feathers for keeping warm and protect against wind and rain.


Behavioral Adaptions

-The Australian Magpie walk on the ground and search for food, this is because their eye site is a lot weaker than the other birds also with its small wingspan it is not able to seek and catch. So it must walk around and find food.

-The Magpie is not an aggressive bird in General but during mating season they became aggressive towards anything that is danger to the nest (including humans) this is to protect their children from different animals their “swooping attack” is well known and he also try to peck people’s eyes out when attacking human intruders. But when it came to bird it attempts to damage their wings by biting the feathers


Physiological Adaptations

- The Australian Magpie’s voice is one of the most special voices of the bird. Most of it is very complicated. It can imitate over 35 different bird’s tweet, Or sometimes even bark. Their song can use to protect their children. They uses a very high pitch noise to warn the intruders.


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Future Australian Magpie


The Extinct Huia



Biography


http://nzbirds.com/birds/magpie.html

http://members.optusnet.com.au/~alreadman/magpie.htm

http://www.publish.csiro.au/samples/austmagpiesample.pdf